Freshwater turtle species introduction (2)

3. Yellow edge box turtle Yellow edge box turtle (Cistoclemmys flavomarginata) Alias ​​plate turtle, Python turtle, splint turtle, yellow plate turtle. The taxonomic status is turtle family, box turtle, yellow edge box turtle species. Domestic distribution in Anhui, Henan, Macao, Hong Kong, Taiwan, Fujian, Hunan, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Guangdong, Guangxi and so on. Foreign distribution in Japan. [Morphical features] The head is smooth, the front end of the kiss is flat, and the upper jaw has a clear hook. The top of the head is olive and there is a yellow U-shaped arc behind the eyes. Carapace brown and high uplift, the central coronal obvious, pale yellow, each piece of concentric rings more clearly on the ring, the edge of the shield is pale yellow, so called "yellow edge box turtle." The plastron is dark brown, and the ligaments are connected between the carapace and the abdomen, and between the brachial shield and the abdomen shield. The anterior and posterior edges of the plastron are semi-circular and without nicks. The limbs are flat, with scales, a half-finger between the fingers and the toes, and a short tail. [male and female identification] Male turtles have a longer armor and a slightly concave center of the plastron. The anal hole is farther from the posterior margin of the plastron. The female turtle has a wide back carapace, and the plastron is flat at the center, and the anal hole is closer to the posterior margin of the plastron. [Lifestyles] Huang Yuan box turtles mainly live in wet areas near rivers, lakes, etc., often inhabiting fallen wood, rot forests, rock seams, deep caves, and fallen leaves. The estrus mating begins in April each year, and the spawning period lasts from late May to September. Each year, 3 to 4 nests are laid, and 2 to 10 eggs per litter. Artificial breeding spawns more. When the temperature drops to 10°C, it enters hibernation. [Cultivation equipment] The yellow-edge box turtles are mainly on land. If the animals are kept in pools of water and land, the water depth should not exceed twice the size of the turtle body. For breeding in walled courtyards, they must be isolated from poultry and livestock, and shelters and eggs should be provided for rain and light. A square concrete pool is set near the turtle nest for drinking water and play. In addition, you also need to set a feed tank or feed pool. [Rearing and Management] The turtle is widely distributed, has a mixed feeding habit, and has strong adaptability. Daily feeding is mainly shrimp and fish, and it can also feed earthworms, aphids, snail meat, etc. In nature, the turtle is mainly based on animal feed, but under artificial rearing conditions, movable and plant feeds can be mixed and fed. Feed artificial compound feed. Feeding once in spring and summer and autumn, feeding time is usually in the early morning and early evening, and feeding every 2 or 3 days in early spring and late autumn. The feeding time should be noon. Yellow-winged box turtles are most suitable at an ambient temperature of 28°C. Occasionally, they eat less at 15°C and hibernate below 10°C. At 35°C, they will appear to be in a state of hibernation or irritability, and there is a phenomenon of food inactivity. In early November of each year, the turtle gradually enters hibernation due to a drop in temperature. At this time, the turtle should be turned into indoor sand and mud in winter. During the winter, the temperature difference cannot be too large, otherwise it will affect hibernation. In late March of the following year, the temperature rose to about 18 to 19°C. The turtle began to move and eat. The initial feeding should be less and more refined. Especially after feeding, the ambient temperature should not be lower than 15°C, otherwise it will cause indigestion embolism. With the gradual increase in temperature and stability, can increase the feed amount accordingly, and regularly add some disease-preventing drugs and calcium, vitamin E, etc. in the feed to promote the development of small turtle bone, increase the amount of eggs laid eggs. 4. The gold head turtle shell head turtle (Cuora aurocpitata) Alias ​​million gold turtle, taxonomic status of turtle family, shell turtle, gold head shell turtle species. Domestic distribution in Anhui, no foreign reports. [Morphological features] The head is longer, the back of the head is golden yellow, the eyes are larger, and the upper jaw is slightly curved. The armor is brownish and scattered with yellowish patches. The plastron is yellow and the scutellum has black symptoms that are arranged symmetrically; the back and plastron, the chest shield and the ventral shield are connected by ligaments. The back of the limbs is gray-brown and the abdomen is golden yellow. [male and female] female turtle kiss more round, flat plastron flat, cloaca hole from the edge of the plastron close, cloacal no transfer device; male kiss is sharp, plastron slightly concave, cloaca hole far from the edge of the plastron There is a black transfer device in the cloacal hole. [Lifestyle] Living in mountain streams and rock seams in hilly areas, feed on insects, small fish, and shrimps. Hi dark, good climbing. [Cultivation equipment] Auricularia caput is a aquatic turtle that is rich in fleas and can live in deep waters. The water must be sprinkled with stones that expose the water for rest. The rearing pool must be arranged as "water and land". In the case of a water depth of about 20 cm, no land is required. For example, if the water depth is more than 20 cm, land should be built to prevent the turtle from suffocating death for a long time without breathing in the water. [Feeding management] It is generally easy to raise according to the habit of gold headed turtle and temperature, food request. A temperature of about 15 °C appears to stop eating or eat less, enter the hibernation state below 10 °C, 20 °C can normally eat. Under artificial rearing conditions, fresh fish were used to induce food at the beginning, gradually feeding and feeding. In addition to feeding meat, fish, shrimp and other meat food, you should always feed a little plant food. Feed once a day. Spring, summer and autumn can increase the amount or frequency of feeding. In the early spring and late autumn, special attention should be paid to the temperature. In particular, the temperature difference between water changes cannot be excessively large. Over-winter water temperature should be above 0°C, otherwise there is a risk of frostbite.

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